1. What is Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction?

Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction states that the induced electromotive force (emf) in a closed loop is equal to the rate of change of magnetic flux through the loop.

2. What is the formula for Faraday’s law?

Faraday’s law can be written as E = -dΦB/dt, where E is the induced emf, dΦB is the change in magnetic flux, and dt is the change in time.

3. What is Faraday’s law of electrolysis?

Faraday’s law of electrolysis states that the amount of substance produced at an electrode during electrolysis is directly proportional to the amount of electricity that passes through the cell.

4. What are the two laws of electrolysis derived by Faraday?

The first law of electrolysis states that the mass of a substance produced at an electrode during electrolysis is directly proportional to the amount of electricity that passes through the cell. The second law states that the amounts of different substances produced by the same quantity of electricity are in a ratio of their chemical equivalent weights.

5. What is the formula for Faraday’s first law of electrolysis?

Faraday’s first law of electrolysis can be written as m = ZIt, where m is the mass of the substance produced, Z is the electrochemical equivalent, I is the current, and t is the time.

6. What is the Faraday constant and why is it significant?

The Faraday constant (F) is the charge of one mole of electrons, approximately 96485 C/mol. It’s significant because it links the macroscopic world of chemical reactions with the microscopic world of atoms and electrons.

7. What is Lenz’s law and how does it relate to Faraday’s law?

Lenz’s law is a consequence of Faraday’s law. It states that the induced emf and hence current in a loop is always in such a direction as to oppose the change in magnetic flux that produced it.

8. How does Faraday’s law explain the working of a transformer?

Faraday’s law is at the heart of a transformer’s operation. When alternating current is applied to the primary coil, it creates a changing magnetic field. This changing magnetic field induces an emf in the secondary coil due to Faraday’s law.

9. What is the relationship between Faraday’s law and the conservation of energy?

Faraday’s law is a manifestation of the conservation of energy. The emf induced in a circuit by a changing magnetic field does work to move charges, thereby converting magnetic energy into electrical energy.

10. How does Faraday’s law relate to electromagnetic waves?

Faraday’s law forms one of Maxwell’s four equations, which describe the behavior of electric and magnetic fields and how they generate electromagnetic waves.

1. What units do we use for magnetic flux in Faraday’s law?

In Faraday’s law, magnetic flux is typically measured in Weber (Wb), which is equivalent to Tesla times square meters (T.m²).

1. How does a dynamo work according to Faraday’s law?

A dynamo works based on Faraday’s law. It converts mechanical energy into electrical energy by rotating a coil in a magnetic field, which induces a voltage due to the changing magnetic flux.

1. What factors affect the magnitude of induced emf according to Faraday’s law?

The magnitude of induced emf is directly proportional to the rate of change of magnetic flux. Thus, it depends on the strength of the magnetic field, the area of the loop, and the speed at which the magnetic field changes.

1. What is mutual inductance and how does it relate to Faraday’s law?

Mutual inductance is a measure of how much a changing current in one circuit induces an emf in a neighboring circuit. It is a direct consequence of Faraday’s law.

1. How does Faraday’s law of electrolysis relate to practical applications like electroplating?

In electroplating, Faraday’s law of electrolysis is used to calculate the amount of electricity needed to deposit a specific amount of metal onto a workpiece.

The negative sign in Faraday’s law represents Lenz’s law, which states that the induced emf and the change in flux have opposite signs. It ensures that the induced emf opposes the change in the original magnetic field.

1. Why is Faraday’s law often expressed in terms of a coil’s number of turns?

Faraday’s law is often expressed in terms of a coil’s number of turns because the total emf induced in a coil is the sum of the emfs induced in each turn. Thus, a coil with more turns will have a larger induced emf for the same rate of change of magnetic flux.

1. How does Faraday’s law explain the functioning of an electric generator?

In an electric generator, a coil is mechanically rotated in a magnetic field, causing a change in magnetic flux. According to Faraday’s law, this induces an emf, which generates an electric current.

1. What is self-inductance and how does it relate to Faraday’s law?

Self-inductance is the property of a circuit where a changing current induces an emf in the same circuit. It is a direct consequence of Faraday’s law.

1. What role does Faraday’s law play in wireless charging technology?

Wireless charging technology uses Faraday’s law by creating a changing magnetic field in the charging base, which induces an emf and hence a current in the device to be charged.